Mali at a glance

map_of_maliOfficial Name: Republic of Mali

Political System: Semi-presidential system of Government. The President and the Assembly are elected by universal suffrage. The Government, led by a prime Minister, is accountable to the National Assembly.

Head of State: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita elected in 2013 for a five- year term.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Oumar Tatam Ly

Surface: 1,241,021 sq.km

Population: 12 million

Population density: 7.9 per sq.km

GDP per capita: $531

Main exports: Gold, Cotton lint, live animals

Currency: Franc CFA, shared with seven other West African states and issued by the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)

Official language: French

Other languages: Bambara, Malinke, Soninke, Peuhl, Dogon, Songhoi, Minianka, Senoufo, Khassonke, Bobo, Tamasheq

Religion: Islam (90%), Christianity (1%), Other (9%)

Time zone: GMT

Main cities: Bamako (capital city), Kayes, Koulikoro, Sikasso, Segou, Mopti, Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal

Climatic Conditions: Mali is divided into three climatic zones:

  • The Sudanic in the south (16% of the territory) with 700 to 1,000 mm of annual precipitation;
  • The Sahelian in the centre and west (44% of the territory) with 200 to 400 mm precipitation,
  • The Saharan in the North (40 % of the territory) with little or no rain.

There are three main seasons: rainy and humid from June to October, cool and dry from November to February and hot and dry from March to June.

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