Mali is an independent, sovereign, indivisible, democratic, secular republic. Mali has eight (8) institutions that are:
-The President of the Republic
-The National Assembly
-The Supreme Court
-The Constitutional Court
-The High Court of Justice
-The High Council of Territorial Collectives
-The Economic, Social and Cultural Council The President of the Republic
The President of the Republic
The president is the chief of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. The president is elected to 5-year terms, with a limit of two terms. The president appoints the Prime Minister as head of government. The president chairs the Council of Ministers, which adopts proposals for laws submitted to the National Assembly for approval.
The President’s Office: www.koulouba.pr.ml
The Cabinet determines and directs the political institutions of the Nation, the armed forces, and their administration. The Prime Minister is the Head of the Cabinet. He directs and coordinates governmental action. He assures the execution of the laws. He is responsible for the execution of the political institutions and the national defense. The Cabinet is responsible before the National Assembly.
The Prime Minister’ Office: http://www.primature.gov.ml
The National Assembly (The Parliament)
The National Assembly is the sole legislative arm of the government. It currently consists of 147 members. Members of the National Assembly are called Deputies. Representation is apportioned according to the population of administrative districts. Election is direct and by party list. The term of office is 5 years.
The Assembly meets for two regular sessions each year. It debates and votes on legislation proposed either by one of its members or by the government and has the right to question government ministers about government actions and policies. Eight political parties, aggregated into four parliamentary groups, are represented in the Assembly.
The National Assembly (The Parliament): http://www.assemblee-nationale.insti.ml
The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court has both judicial and administrative powers. Under the constitution, there is a separate constitutional court and a high court of justice with the power to try senior government officials in cases of treason.
The Supreme Court is presided over by a magistrate of the judiciary appointed by the President of the Republic on proposal of the Higher Judicial Council.
The President of the Supreme Court is assisted by a Vice-Chairman appointed under the same conditions
The Supreme Court is composed of:
- A Judicial section
- An Administrative section;
- An Accounting section.
The Constitutional Court
The Constitutional Court guarantees the fundamental laws of the individual and public liberties. The Constitutional Court is composed of nine members who hold the title of Counselors with a period of office of seven years, once renewable. The nine (9) members of the Constitutional Court must give an oath in a ceremony presided over by the President of the Republic before the National Assembly and the Supreme Court. They must say:
"I swear to conscientiously fulfill the duties of my office, with strict respect to the obligations of neutrality and reservation, and to conduct myself with dignity and loyalty to my public office."
The Constitutional Court must decide on:
- The constitutionality of organizational laws and other laws before their promulgation
- The interior regulations of the National Assembly, the High Council of Collectives and of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council before they are put in application.
- The arbitration of conflicts between institutions of the State;
- The regularity of presidential and legislative elections and the operations for referendums of which it shall declare the results.
The High Court of Justice
The High Court of Justice is competent to judge the President of the Republic and Ministers upon accusation by the National Assembly of high treason or of crimes or offenses committed while exercising their functions.
The High Council of Territorial Collectives
The mission of the High Council of Collectives is to study and give an opinion about every issue of local and regional development. It may make proposals to the Cabinet on any issue concerning the protection of the environment and the quality of life in the collectives.
The High Council of Collectives is seated at Bamako. It may be transferred to any other location if necessary. The members of the High Council of Collectives carry the title National Counselors. National Counselors are elected for five years by indirect suffrage.
The High Council of Collectives represents the Malians abroad.
The President of the High Council of Collectives is elected for five years.
The Economic, Social and Cultural Council
The Economic, Social and Cultural Council is competent regarding all aspects of economic, social and cultural development. Members of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council are:
-The representatives of syndicates, associations and socio-professional groups, elected by the association or group of origin;
-The representatives of the collectives designated by their peers;
-The representatives of Malians abroad.
The Economic, Social and Cultural Council writes a report to the attention of the President of the Republic, the Cabinet and the National Assembly about the expectations, the needs and problems of the civil society.
Current Government Ministers
Prime Minister: Cheick Modibo Diarra
1 - Minister of State, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation: Sadio Lamine Sow
2 - Minister of Economy, Finance and Budget: Tiéna COULIBALY
3 - Minister of Defense and Veterans Affairs: Colonel-Major Yamoussa CAMARA
4 - Minister of Internal Security and Civil Protection: General Tiéfing KONATE
5 - Minister of Public Service, Governance and Administrative Reform and Political Officer Relations Institutions: Mamadou Traore Namory
6 - Minister of Territorial Administration, Decentralization and Regional Development: Colonel Moussa Sinko COULIBALY
7 - Minister of Commerce, Mines and Industry: Ahmadou Toure
8 - Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries: Leo Moussa Sidibe
9 - Minister of Youth, Labour, Employment and Vocational Training: Mamadou DIAKITE
10 - Minister of Health: Soumana MAKADJI
11 - Minister for Education, Literacy and the Promotion of National Languages: Adama OUANE
12 - Minister of Justice, Keeper of the Seals: Malick Coulibaly
13 - Minister for Malians Abroad and African Integration: Ms. Traore Rokia GUIKINE
14 - Minister for Humanitarian Action, Solidarity and the Elderly: Dr Mamadou Sidibe
15 - Minister for Family and the Promotion of Women and Children: Mrs. ALWATA Ichata SAHI
16 - Minister of Energy, Water and Environment: Alfa Bocar NAFO
17 - Minister of Crafts, Culture and Tourism: Ms Diallo Fadima TOURE
18 - Minister of Communication, Post and New Technology, Government Spokesman: Hamadoun Toure
19 - Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Housing and Urban Development: Mamadou Coulibaly
20 - Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research: Harouna Kante 21 - Sports Minister: Hamèye Foune MAHALMADANE
22 - Minister Delegate at the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Budget, Budget Officer: Marimpa SAMOURA
23 - Minister Delegate at the Ministry of Civil Service, in charge of Political Reforms and Relations with Institutions: Yacouba DIALLO
24 - Minister Delegate at the Ministry of Youth, Labour, Employment and Training Professional, Manager of Youth and Training: Bruno MAÏGA